Tuesday, 7 April 2020

Health: Find Out What The Colour Of Your Urine Says About your Well-being

Urine Colour And Health
Image Credit: medstorerx.com

What is the normal colour of urine? Did you know that you can easily detect when something's wrong with your health from the colour of your urine? Yeah, It may not be the best health indicator available, but the human body has been engineered in such a way that certain diseases cause easily identifiable changes in the normal body processes, appearance and function, and your body tries everything in its power to alert you somehow before a major breakdown occurs.

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Similar to the way the colour and appearance of the nails change as a result of problems in the body, the colour of the urine is also capable of serving as a health indicator and therefore cannot be overlooked. Ideally, your urine would be a pale yellow colour and this is an indication that you're hydrated and healthy. Urine naturally has some yellow pigments called urobilin or urochrome. The darker your urine is, the more concentrated it is. There are changes in colour that occur normally during the course of the day. The first urine released in the morning is often darker in colour than that released any other time of the day. This is perfectly normal for every individual. However, drugs and certain diseases may also influence the colour of the urine since 99% of drugs, hormones and toxic substances are eliminated from the body via the urinary system. These unusual colours may also be due to some hidden problems in your body and as scientists, it's our job to detect these problems and solve them before something worse happens. Here is a list of urine colours and their "Hidden Problems".

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Clear or Light or Pale Yellow

Some people ask why their urine is almost as clear as water. Well, this is actually the ideal urine colour of a hydrated and healthy person. If you see very light yellow or clear urine, it means you are very well hydrated and the body is functioning properly. This usually happens when a person drinks lots of water. Stay hydrated all the time because the major component of urine itself is water. If you don't drink a lot of water, you risk suffering from dehydration and accumulation of mineral crystals in the urinary tract. However, drinking way too much water can lead to water intoxication or water poisoning.

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Green Urine (Phenylketonuria)

Not the typical urine colour you would expect from a normal human being and No, the urine is not produced green. This is a common symptom of the genetic disease caused by an in-borne error in Tyrosine metabolism, basically, in the synthesis of the amino acid Tyrosine from Phenylalanine, a reaction catalysed by the enzyme Phenylalanine hydroxylase. The disorder was first identified in 1934 by Norwegian Doctor, Follis. He observed that the urine of 10 mentally defective children gave a green colouration when Ferric chloride was added. This is because of the accumulation of an abnormal metabolite of Tyrosine in the urine (Phenylpyruvate).Also commonly referred to as PKU, the signs and symptoms vary from mild to severe. Infants with classic phenylketonuria appear normal until they are a few months old. Without treatment, these children develop a permanent intellectual disability. Seizures, delayed development, behavioural problems, and psychiatric disorders are also common.

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Dark Yellow

The urine may have a dark yellow colouration as a result of consuming some medications or because of dehydration; your body gets less water to form the urine, so it turns dark yellow because of increased concentration of dissolved substances. It is usually dark early in the morning as intake of water is low. In another more serious case, if you notice that the colour of your urine is always dark, seek medical assistance immediately, because it is a sign of medical problems like liver disorders and hepatitis.

Fluorescent Yellow Urine

Having a fluorescent yellow urine is more likely to happen If you consume more of Riboflavin (vitamin B2) in your diet; which is yellow in colour. If you eat more of riboflavin-rich foods than your body requires, then extra riboflavin enters the urine and gives a fluorescent yellow colour or neon yellow.


If you see plain yellow urine, it means your body is not very well hydrated. It could be due to excessive sweating or low hydration. Hence, it indicates that you should be drinking more of liquids to avoid dehydration.

Dark Colour

It was first observed by Archibald Garrod that the urine produced by some individuals turned to a very dark colour on standing. This disorder is also caused by a problem in amino acid metabolism and the disease is called Alkaptonuria (black urine disease, black bone disease, or alcaptonuria). It is a rare inherited genetic disorder in which the body cannot process the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine, which occur in protein we eat.

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This colour is due to the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract. It indicates urinary tract infection or presence of kidney stones.

Red or pink

Red or pink urine could be because of consumption of food made with red dye or foods with natural red colours like beetroot and berries. In more serious terms, it could indicate that red blood cells are getting in the urine. The reason could be problems in the urinary system, kidney stones or strenuous or aerobic exercise, which can cause the breakdown of red blood cells.


Medication used to ease urinary problems can cause the urine to turn orange. Besides, consumption of carrots or carrot juice can give a tinge of orange colour to your urine.

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Blue or green

A common dye found in many urinary related medicines can turn your urine blue or green. Blue or green urine can be seen because of consumption of food made with artificial colouring or if you have eaten loads of asparagus.

Check the urine colour charts below for more information:

Urine colour Chart
Image Credit: morebeautyhealth.com
Urine colour chart
Image Credit: sampletemplates.com

Under most normal circumstances a slight change in the colour of your urine is nothing to worry about.

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If the colour continues for more than 24 hours and has any other accompanying symptoms, the best bet is to be safe and consult a doctor as soon as possible. Thanks for reading, endeavour to share this with your friends using the share buttons below. Don't be shy, share your thoughts and contributions in the comments below. Also, don't forget to subscribe to our newsletter to get more amazing updates directly to your mail.

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